The extramural area
The legionary fortress of Novae, as other Roman legionary bases, was surrounded by the civil settlement (canabae) inhabited by people strictly related to the army – by family and business ties. As in many other cases, another settlement (vicus) existed at a certain distance from the legionary fortress. According to the Romanian scholar I. Piso, who analysed epigraphic evidence from Carnuntum, the distance between the fortress and the vicus was usually 1.5 Roman mile or 1 Gallic leuga. This pattern, however, does not always match the reality (see observations by Chr. Gugl). In the area of Novae the second settlement is placed 2.7 km to the east from the crossroads of the main streets of the camp (locus gromae), at the site called Ostrite Mogili.