The legionary fortress at Novae, as other military bases, was surrounded by a civilian settlement (canabae) which constituted with its camp a specific settlement complex. Topography and planning of settlements of this kind is not well-recognized, since only a few have been excavated so far, mainly in the western part of the Empire.
The canabae in Novae is an extraordinary case among the legionary camps of the Danubian provinces which can be investigated on its whole area. Nevertheless, the site is not easy, for the presence of the numerous private parcels and vegetation. Additional problems are caused by the looters activity. The last reason was a main cause for starting the research on the area of the canabae.
The principal part of the canabae lay to the west, although pre-Roman and 1st-century AD remains have been recorded also to the east of the fort. Excavations of the canabae have concentrated on one villa to the west of the fortress, a temple of Oriental divinities to the south-west. Apart from the fieldwalking made by the Polish and German-Bulgarian teams, no other archaeological investigations have been conducted in the area surrounding the camp.
Based on the fieldwalking observations (made by both German and Polish archaeologists) and verified with hand held GPS devices measurements the plan of the canabae has been prepared. This, however, shows the spread of the archaeological material and should be treated with some caution.
Iron balteus fitting (phot. P. Jaworski)
Fragment of a lead mirror. Inner and outer side (phot. P. Jaworski)
|Iron construction nail (phot. P. Jaworski)|